Jack The Ripper

Jack the ripper
Walking through the Whitechapel District of London in 1888 was one of the worst times during the Victorian Era.  From groups of angry mobs roaming the streets, accusing anyone they deem suspicious, to police working day and night to not only maintain the chaos but to also catch a certain culprit. That culprit is named Jack The Ripper.No one knows who Jack was. Many people thought he was a single psychopath. Others thought he was more than one person. What mattered was the nature of his crimes, and how they were carried out.

He was first known in late August when the body of his first victim, a prostitute named Mary Ann Nichols, was discovered in the early hours of August 31, located in Buck’s Row. According to the investigation, her throat had two deep cuts while her abdomen was cut open.

At first, police thought of this as just a simple murder case. It wasn’t until the body of Annie Chapman was discovered days later on the morning of September 8, her corpse showing the same cuts and lacerations, that the police were alarmed that there was a serial killer on the loose.

Leading the investigation was Detective Inspector Edmund Reid. Later on, Scotland Yard sent more inspectors named Frederick Abberline, Henry Moore and Walter Andrews to assist Edmund. As time went on, and as the body count rose, more inspectors were brought into the case.

As the investigation went on, many people were dissatisfied by the investigation. Many suspects were named but no solid lead was found. As a result, many groups of people formed mobs and roamed the streets at night, some even petitioned the local government to raise reward money for any information related to Jack, while others hired private investigators to interrogate witnesses when authorities weren’t around. Many suspects ranging from doctors to butchers were brought into questioning.

Over the course of the murders, letters to the police and press were sent, either by Jack himself, or were complete hoaxes sent by impersonators. The first one being the “Dear Boss” letter, dated 25th of September, which was delivered to a news agency. In it, Jack taunts the police for being unable to catch him, as well as describing how he’ll remove the ear of his next victim. While initially dismissed as a hoax, the discovery of the body of Catherine Eddowes with a missing ear definitely confirmed the letter as from Jack himself.

The second letter, called the “Saucy Jacky” letter, describes two victims who were killed close to each other: Elizabeth Stride and Catherine Eddowes. Both were killed on the early morning of September 30.

The third, the “From Hell” letter, contains writings that are at a lower literacy level than the previous letters. According to many analysts, the spelling and grammatical errors indicated that Jack was of Irish or Cockney descent.

The final letter called the “Openshaw  Letter” was named after the suspect Thomas Horrocks Openshaw. The letter was sent along with a human kidney placed inside Openshaw’s mailbox. The letter contained the same style of writing as the From Hell letter, and it describes Jack was supposed to “operate” near Thomas’ hospital.

After the fourth letter, no other victim appeared, and it was a sign that Jack was going quiet – the police’s worst fear after months of investigation. Soon, Jack himself faded into silence, and all that’s left is the lingering question of who Jack The Ripper really was and why he did those murders.