Robert Falcon Scott

Robert Falcon Scott Facts

Occupation: Royal Navy Officer and Antarctic Explorer
Born: 6th June, 1868
Died: 29th March 1912 (age 43)
Parents: John Edward Scott and Hannah Scott
Spouse: Kathleen Bruce
Children: Peter Markham Scott
Awards: Vega Medal (1905) and Cullum Geographical Medal (1906)

Robert Falcon Scott Summary

He was a British Royal Navy officer and an experienced adventurer who led two famous expeditions to the Antarctic locales: the Discovery Expedition in 1901 to 1904 and the doomed Terra Nova Expedition in 1910 to 1913. On his first adventure into Antarctica, he set another southern record by discovering the Polar Plateau. On the second expedition, Scott gathered a party of five and managed to reach the South Pole on 17th January 1912, just to find out later that it was Roald Amundsen’s Norwegian team who reached the South Pole first. Fortunately on their return adventure, Scott’s team found plant fossils, providing evidence that Antarctica was once filled with plant life and joined to other continents. With an overall estimated distance of 150 miles from their base camp and 11 miles from the next stop, Robert and his crew passed away from lack of energy, food and heat.

Prior to his arrangement to lead the Discovery Expedition, Scott was a maritime officer in peacetime Victorian Britain. In 1899, he met with Sir Clements Markham, the president of the Royal Geographical Society, from whom he learned of the Antarctic exploration. A few days later, on the 11th of June, Scott visited Markham’s home where he volunteered to lead the expedition. Having made this choice to take the first step, his name became synonymous with the Antarctic, the field of work to which he stayed conferred in the last twelve years of his life.

After news of his passing, Scott turned into a famous British figure – a status reflected by the numerous dedications raised by the country over in his name. At the end of the twentieth century, the legend was reassessed as much historians concentrated on the reasons for the debacle that caused the expedition’s failure which cost his and his companions’ lives. From a beforehand unassailable position, Scott turned into a figure of discussion, with inquiries raised about his skill and character. Observers in the 21st century have, in general, respected Scott all the more emphatically, accentuating his individual dauntlessness and stoicism while recognizing his blunders and, all the more as of late, lapses by his group members, yet attributing the endeavor’s destiny mainly to disaster.