Oscar Wilde

Oscar Wilde

Oscar Wilde Facts

Born: 16th October, 1854
Died: 30th November, 1900 (46)
Period: Victorian
Genre: Drama, short story, criticism, dialogue and journalism

Oscar Wilde Summary

Oscar Wilde was an Irish author, poet and writer. In the wake of writing in distinctive writing styles all through the 1880’s, he turned into one of London’s most prominent writers by the mid 1890’s. Today, he is associated with his quips, his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray, his plays, and the strange circumstances surrounding his detainment and early passing.

Wilde’s family were honored Anglo-Irish Dublin scholars. Their child was very familiar with the French and German language quite early in his life. At college, Wilde would read Greats, a course which focuses on Roman and Greek history and philosophy; he turned out to be an extraordinary classicist, first at Dublin, followed by Oxford. He was quite known for his association in the growing popularity of the philosophy of aestheticism, driven by two of his mentors, Walter Pater and John Ruskin. After graduating from college, Wilde moved to London where found himself in trendy social and cultural circles. As a representative for aestheticism, he attempted his hand at different artistic exercises: he distributed a book of lyrics and poetry, became a lecturer in the United States and Canada on the new “English Renaissance in Art”, and afterward returned back to London where he worked productively as a columnist. Known for his sharp mind and sharper wit, ostentatious clothes and sparkling discussion, Wilde turned into one of the best-known people of his day.

During the 1890’s, he refined his thoughts regarding the matchless quality of craftsmanship in a series of dialogues and articles, and fused topics of wantonness, guile, and excellence into his first and only published novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray, which was released in 1890. The chance to develop tasteful points of interest correctly, and join them with bigger social topics, attracted Wilde to write more drama novels. He finished writing Salome the following year, in 1891, in French in Paris however it was rejected a permit for England because of indisputable restriction of Biblical subjects on the English stage. Unfazed by this, Wilde created four more general public comedies in the mid 1890’s, which made him a standout amongst the best writers in Victorian London.

At the peak of his popularity and achievement, while his showstopper, The Importance of Being Earnest (written in 1895), which was still performed on-stage in London, Wilde had the Marquess of Queensberry indicted for criticism against his works. The father of Wilde’s lover, Lord Alfred Douglas, was the Marquess. The charge conveyed a punishment until two years jail term. The trial uncovered proof that brought on Wilde to let go his charges and prompted his own capture and tried for “gross indecency with other men”. After two more trials he was indicted and detained for a two-year labor. In 1897, while in jail, he composed De Profundis, which was distributed in 1905, a long letter which talks about his otherworldly adventure through his trials, structuring a dull counterpoint to his prior rationality of delight. After being released he quickly fled for France, never to come back to Ireland or Britain. There he composed his final work, The Ballad of Reading Jail (written in 01898), a long sonnet recognizing the cruel rhythms of his time spent in jail. He passed away penniless in Paris at 46 years old.