Robert Louis Stevenson.

Robert Louis Stevenson.Pall Mall Publications, 1904.

Today, Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson whose classic tales include "Treasure Island", "Kidnapped" and "Dr. Jekyll and Mr Hyde" was born in Edinburgh.

The year 1850 marked the birth of one of Scotland's literary treasures, Robert Louis Stevenson, a prolific writer whose timeless works continue to captivate readers across generations. Born on November 13 in Edinburgh, Stevenson's life journey unfolded against the backdrop of the 19th-century Victorian era, a period of profound social, economic, and technological change.

Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson was born into a family of lighthouse engineers. His grandfather, Robert Stevenson, was a renowned builder of lighthouses, and his father, Thomas Stevenson, continued the family legacy. Despite the expectations for him to follow in the family profession, Stevenson harbored a passion for literature from a young age. His love for storytelling and adventure was nurtured by the tales of pirates and adventures spun by his nurse, Alison Cunningham, whose vivid narratives left an indelible mark on the young Stevenson.

Growing up in Edinburgh, Stevenson's frail health became a defining aspect of his early life. Suffering from respiratory ailments, he spent much of his childhood confined to his bedroom. However, this physical limitation did not hinder his intellectual curiosity, and he developed a voracious appetite for reading and storytelling.

Stevenson's formal education took place at the University of Edinburgh, where he initially studied engineering, complying with his family's expectations. However, his heart was set on pursuing a career in literature, leading to a decisive shift in his focus. He began studying law, a choice that would later influence his writing, particularly in works like "Kidnapped" and "Weir of Hermiston."

The allure of distant lands and a desire for adventure fueled Stevenson's wanderlust. In 1876, he embarked on a journey through the Cévennes region of France, chronicling his experiences in "Travels with a Donkey in the Cévennes." This period of exploration and self-discovery laid the foundation for his later travel literature.


Stevenson's literary career took flight with the publication of his first novel, "Treasure Island," in 1883. This swashbuckling tale of pirates, buried treasure, and adventure became an instant classic, captivating readers young and old. The iconic characters, including Long John Silver and Jim Hawkins, continue to resonate in popular culture.

"Kidnapped" (1886) followed, showcasing Stevenson's mastery in crafting gripping narratives. The novel, set against the backdrop of political turmoil in 18th-century Scotland, explores themes of loyalty, friendship, and the quest for justice. Stevenson's ability to weave historical events into compelling fiction further solidified his reputation as a storyteller of exceptional skill.

In 1886, Stevenson delved into the realm of psychological horror with "Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde." This novella, exploring the duality of human nature, remains a cornerstone of Gothic literature. The tale of the mild-mannered Dr. Jekyll and his malevolent alter ego, Mr. Hyde, has inspired countless adaptations and interpretations, firmly establishing Stevenson's influence on the horror genre.

Robert Louis Stevenson's works, with their exploration of human nature, morality, and the thrill of adventure, continue to captivate readers. His contributions to literature extend beyond his popular novels to encompass essays, short stories, and poetry. Stevenson's unique voice and storytelling prowess have earned him a lasting place in the literary canon.

"Treasure Island," "Kidnapped," and "Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde" have not only stood the test of time but also inspired numerous adaptations in various media. From film and television to stage productions and graphic novels, Stevenson's tales endure, demonstrating their enduring appeal and adaptability.

In the contemporary era, scholars and readers alike recognize Stevenson's contributions to literature, often delving into the layers of meaning embedded in his works. The psychological depth of "Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde" continues to be a subject of academic exploration, while the timeless adventures of "Treasure Island" and "Kidnapped" provide a literary escape for new generations.

Through his enduring tales of adventure, morality, and the complexities of human nature, Stevenson crafted a literary legacy that continues to navigate the seas of readers' hearts, inviting them to embark on timeless journeys of the mind and spirit.